How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history in order to build your FICO score.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following to calculate your score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is a single number: your credit score. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage loan these days score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is based on your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Getting your credit score
In order to improve your credit score, you must have the reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Call us: (407) 898-7559.
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