How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following to calculate your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which varies slightly from one agency to another. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Since the score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to make a significant change in the number with quick fixes. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your score, you must get your score and make certain that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the original FICO credit score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Call us: (407) 898-7559.