How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors in calculating a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is one number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is built on your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and ensure that the credit reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us at (407) 898-7559.