About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary from one agency to another, each agency uses the following to calculate your credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most people getting a mortgage loan score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
How can you raise your FICO score? Since the FICO score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's very difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you can and should appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
To raise your FICO score, you must obtain the credit reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO credit score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide information and online tools that can help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from the three major agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call: (407) 898-7559.